# Multiplication word problems Quiz & printable worksheets

## Explanation

## Types of words problems

Before rush into **Multiplication word problems quiz & printable worksheets** let’s first see how to handle different types of multiplication problems.

### I. Unknown Product

For **unknown Product**, you will be able to know the **Group size** (number of elements in each group or group’s value) and the **Number of groups**, but the total is a mystery. From these information, have can collect the 2 factors of multiplication sentence then find the product.

The form of the ‘Unknown products’ equation is: **a x b = ?** On which ‘**a**’ is the number of groups and ‘**b**’ the group size.

**For example:**Andy buys 2 cakes. Each cake cost $5.00. How much does Andy spend in total?*Here the number of groups is ‘2’ (two) and the group size is ‘5’ ($5.00). Both of those values are the factors of the multiplication sentence which answer is: 2 x 5 = 10.*

You get $10.00 for the 2 cakes. So Andy spends $10.00 in total.

### II. Unknown ‘Group Size’

Unknown Group Size means that you get the **Number of groups** and the **Product** (Total), but you need to find the **Group size**.

The equation here can be like this: **a x ? = P** (Multiplication expression) or **P ÷ a = ?** (Division sentence)

The same problem can be written this way: 32 apples are divided into 9 baskets. How many apples do you have in each basket?

**Example:**You have 32 apples which you share equitably in 9 baskets. How many apples will be in each basket?The same problem can be written this way: 32 apples are divided into 9 baskets. How many apples do you have in each basket?

*1. For this problem, you can draw your 9 basket and begin to share the apples 9 equitably. You will finally get 4 apples in each basket.*

*2. Using nines skip counting, you can jump 4 times and get the number 32 (0 – 9; 9 – 18; 18 – 27; 27 – 32), which means you get 4 apples in each basket.*

*3. If you have memorized your times tables, this is an easy issue. 9 x 4 = 32, so the answer is 4.*

### III. ‘Number of Group’ Unknown

Here, you know the **Group size** and the **Product** (Total) but the **Number of groups** is unknown.

The equation look like: **? x b = P** (Multiplication sentence) or **P ÷ b = ?** (Division sentence)

**Example:**You have 24 donuts to share between several children. You want to give each child 8 donuts. How many children will you give?*1. First, you can draw an array. Add a row of 8 donuts, and then from the second row of 8, begin to find out the total of donuts; when you reach 24 donuts, it means the number of children equal to the ones of rows. After 3 rows of 8 donuts, you have 24 donuts.*

*2. Using eights skip counting, you get 8 – 16 – 24 which equal to 3 interval. So the 24 donuts are shared between 3 children.*

*3. Times tables are more efficient since 3 x 8 = 24, the answer is 3 children.*

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